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Global Warming: India, China Unite Against West

Global warming: India, China unite against West

BONN: India-China unity held firm at the climate change talks here with the two big Asian countries defeating a bid by developed nations to offer

limited reductions while seeking concrete commitments from ‘‘third world’’ nations on control and mitigation of greenhouse gases.

The ‘Chindia’ partnership was a key element that bound a group of 37 developing nations including Brazil and South Africa, which submitted an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol with figures of average greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets that the group feels should be undertaken by the Annex I (or the original polluter) countries.

The proposal, slammed by developed nations as one that interferes with their own assessments, is in keeping with the demand of the G-77 nations that an emission reduction target of at least 40% should be enforced. For the second phase of reduction commitments — between 2013 and 2020, the amendment proposes an average reduction of 28% of GHG emissions with 1990 as base year for European Union. Similarly, it moots a reduction of 19% for Japan, 15% for Russia, 63% for UK and 26% for United States.

The convention has been inconclusive with not many Annex I countries prepared to come out with emission reduction targets. While Russia is yet to make any formal commitments, Japan recently said it would undertake commitments of 8%, while President Barack Obama announced reduction of emissions to 1990 levels.

A member of the India delegation said, ‘‘Nobody is forcing anything on anyone. We are only at the negotiating stage and the figures we have come up with after a lot of analysis are open to discussion.’’

With the climate talks logjammed, US reiterated its stand that it would not ratify the Kyoto Protocol and prefer another agreement. Four other nations, Australia, Costa Rica, Japan and Tuvalu tabled different proposals for an alternative to Kyoto Protocol. Dr Jonathan Pershing, US deputy special envoy said their proposal wanted developing nations to share responsibility for emission reduction though they should take on action-based commitments and not result-based.

Source: TOI

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